David Bradshaw, "Aristotle East and West: Metaphysics and the Division of Christendom"
Cambridge University Press | English | 2004-12-24 | ISBN: 0521828651 | 313 pages | PDF | 1.8 mbThis book traces the development of thought about God and the relationship between God's being and activity from Aristotle, through the pagan Neoplatonists, to thinkers such as Augustine, Boethius, and Aquinas (in the West) and Dionysius the Areopagite, Maximus the Confessor, and Gregory Palamas (in the East).Historians of philosophy have tended to limit the study of Christian philosophy during the Middle Ages to the medieval West. This book presents the thought of the Greek Fathers as a significant and substantial alternative. Focusing on the central issue of the nature of God and the relationship between God??™s being and activity, David Bradshaw traces the history of energeia and related concepts from their starting-point in Aristotle, through the pagan Neoplatonists, to thinkers such as Augustine, Boethius, and Aquinas (in the West) and Dionysius the Areopagite, Maximus the Confessor, and Gregory Palamas (in the East). The result is a powerful comparative history of philosophical thought in the two halves of Christendom, providing a philosophical backdrop to the schism between the eastern and western churches. It will be of wide interest to readers in philosophy, theology, and medieval history.
Cornelia B. Horn, "Asceticism and Christological Controversy in Fifth-Century Palestine: The Career of Peter the Iberian (Oxford Early Christian Studies)"
Oxford University Press, USA | English | 2006-05-11 | ISBN: 0199277532 | 530 pages | PDF | 5.3 mbCornelia Horn examines and reconstructs the anti-Chalcedonian movement in Palestine on the basis of one of its most important witnesses, the fifth-century Life of Peter the Iberian by John Rufus. She uses textual as well as archaeological data to reconstruct the history of Peter the Iberian and his significant role in the early anti-Chalcedonian Church as well as the development of theological ideas and their connection with Palestinian asceticism.
Faith and Reason By Paul Helm
Publisher: O==U==P 1999 | 432 Pages | ISBN: 0192892908 | PDF | 17 MBThe philosophy of religion is an intrinsic part of the richness of Western philosophy. Faith and Reason displays in historical perspective some of the rich dialogue between religion and philosophy over two millennia, beginning with Greek reflections about God and the gods and ending with twentieth-century debate about faith in a world that tends to reserve its reverence for science. Paul Helm uses as a case study the question of whether the world is eternal or whether it was created out of nothing, following this theme from Plato through medieval thought to modern scientific speculation about the beginnings of the universe. This Oxford Reader also includes discussion of many other fundamental issues raised by the juxtaposition of faith and reason, including arguments for and against the existence of God, the relationship between religion and ethics, the contrast between reason and revelation as sources of knowledge, and the implications of religious belief for freedom of the will.
Niels Christian Hvidt, "Christian Prophecy: The Post-Biblical Tradition"
Publisher: Oxford University Press | ISBN: 0195314476 | edition 2007 | PDF | 440 pages | 4,6 mbThroughout the Hebrew Bible, God guides and saves his people through the words of his prophets. When the prophets are silenced, the people easily lose their way. What happened after the incarnation, death and resurrection of Christ? Did God fall silent?The dominant position in Christian theology is that prophecy did indeed cease at some point in the past -if not with the Old Testament prophets, then with John the Baptist, with Jesus, with the last apostle, or with the closure of the canon of the New Testament. Nevertheless, throughout the history of Christianity there have always been acclaimed saints and mystics -most of them women-who displayed prophetic traits. In recent years, the charismatic revival in both Protestant and Catholic circles has once again raised the question of the place and function of prophecy in Christianity. Scholarly theological attitudes toward Christian prophecy range from modest recognition to contempt. Mainstream systematic theology, both Protestant and Catholic, has mostly marginalized or ignored the gift of prophecy. In this book, however, Niels Christian Hvidt argues that prophecy has persisted in Christianity as an inherent and continuous feature in the life of the church. Prophecy never died, he argues, but rather proved its dynamism by mutating to meet new historical conditions. He presents a comprehensive history of prophecy from ancient Israel to the present and closely examines the development of the theological discourse that surrounds it. Throughout, though, there is always an awareness of the critical discernment required when evaluating the charism of prophecy.The debate about prophecy, Hvidt shows, leads to some profound insights about the very nature of Christianity and the church. For example, some have argued that Christianity is a perfect state and that all that is required for salvation is acceptance of its doctrines. Others have emphasized how God continues to intervene and guide his people onto the right path as the full implementation of God's salvation in Christ is still far away. This is the position that Hvidt forcefully and persuasively defends and develops in this ambitious and important work.
Ibrahim Abdul-Matin, "Green Deen: What Islam Teaches about Protecting the Planet"
Publisher: B.r..tt-Ko..ler P.b.i..ers | ISBN: 1605094641 | 2010 | PDF | 264 pages | 1 MB???The Earth is a mosque???Muslims are compelled by their religion to praise the Creator and to care for their community. But what is not widely known is that there are deep and long-standing connections between Islamic teachings and environmentalism. In this groundbreaking book, Ibrahim Abdul-Matin draws on research, scripture, and interviews with Muslim Americans to trace Islam??™s preoccupation with humankind??™s collective role as stewards of the Earth. Abdul-Matin points out that the Prophet Muhammad declared that ???the Earth is a mosque.???Deen means ???path??? or ???way??? in Arabic. Abdul-Matin offers dozens of examples of how Muslims can follow, and already are following, a Green Deen in four areas: ???waste, watts (energy), water, and food.??? At last, people of all beliefs can appreciate the gifts and contributions that Islam and Muslims bring to the environmental movement.???Ibrahim Abdul-Matin not only shows the myriad ways American Muslims are contributing to the resolution of the environmental crisis that threatens us all but also goes a long way toward humanizing the Muslim community by sharing with the reader the lives of so many extraordinary, talented, and visionary people.?????”Imam Zaid Shakir, Zaytuna College, Berkeley, California???Ibrahim blends his passion for a green economy, his love and understanding of faith, and a deep commitment to justice in this book.?????”Van Jones, founder, Green for All|
Stephen B. Dobranski, John P. Rumrich, "Milton and Heresy"
...bri..e U....rsi.. Pr... | 2009-02-05 | ISBN: 0521100933, 0521630657 | 284 pages | PDF | 5,9 MBIt is distinctly paradoxical that John Milton--who opposed infant baptism, supported regicide, defended divorce and approved of polygamy--should be heard as a voice of orthodoxy. Yet modern scholarship has often understated or explained away his heretical opinions. This collection of essays investigates aspects of his works inconsistent with conventional beliefs, showing how Milton, as poet, thinker and public servant, eschewed dogma and regarded indeterminacy and uncertainty as fundamental to human existence."These outstanding essays dislodge the tenacious assumption that Milton's religious thought is orthodox." John Childs, Albion"...splendid..." Larry R. Isitt, Church History
Absorbing Perfections: Kabbalah and Interpretation By Professor Moshe Idel
Publisher: Ya..le Unive..rsity Pre..ss 2002 | 688 Pages | ISBN: 0300083793 | PDF | 2 MBIn this discussion of Kabbalah - from the mystical trends of medieval Judaism to modern Hasidism - Moshe Idel considers different visions of the nature of the sacred text and of the methods to interpret it. He takes as a starting point the fact that the post-biblical Jewish world lost its geographical centre with the destruction of the temple and so was left with a textual centre, the Holy Book. Idel argues that a text-oriented religion produced language-centred forms of mysticism. Against this background, the author demonstrates how various Jewish mystics amplified the content of the Scriptures so as to include everything: the world, or God, for example. Thus the text becomes a major realm for contemplation, and the interpretation of the text frequently becomes an encounter with the deepest realms of reality. Idel delineates the particular hermeneutics belonging to Jewish mysticism, investigates the progressive filling of the text with secrets and hidden levels of meaning, and considers in detail the various interpretive strategies needed to decodify the arcane dimensions of the text.
Bart D Ehrman, "The Lost Gospel of Judas Iscariot: A New Look at Betrayer and Betrayed"
Oxf... ...ver...y P...s, U.A | 2008-12-16 | ISBN: 0195343514, 0195314603 | 208 pages | PDF | 1,7 MBA leading historian of the early church and the best-selling author of Misquoting Jesus, Bart Ehrman offers the first comprehensive account of the newly discovered Gospel of Judas, revealing what this legendary lost gospel contains and why it is so important for our understanding of Christianity. Ehrman recounts the fascinating story of where and how this ancient papyrus document was discovered, how it moved around among antiquities dealers in Egypt, the United States, and Switzerland, and how it came to be restored and translated. More important, Ehrman gives the reader a complete and clear account of what the book teaches and he shows how it relates to other Gospel texts--both those inside the New Testament and those outside of it, most notably, the Gnostic texts of early Christianity. Finally, he describes what we now can say about the historical Judas himself as well as his relationship with Jesus, suggesting that one needs to read between the lines of the early Gospels to see exactly what Judas did and why he did it. The Gospel of Judas presents an entirely new view of Jesus, his disciples, and the man who allegedly betrayed him. It raises many questions and Bart Ehrman provides illuminating and authoritative answers, in a book that will interest anyone curious about the New Testament, the life of Jesus, and the history of Christianity after his death."A must for those interested in the subject of early Christianity, this volume will also attract readers intrigued by all the hoopla arising from the discovery of the lost Gospel."--Booklist"In typically brilliant fashion, Ehrman tells the lively tale of the modern discovery of the Gospel of Judas and its significance for us today." --Publishers Weekly
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